Sustainable Development




Sustainable development it is an organising principle for meeting human development goals, henceforth sustaining the natural resources and ecosystems services on which the economy and society depend. The idea behind development is to always meet the requirement of the present without paying heed too what its impact can be on the future and generations to come. The longer we take to address the problem of unsustainable development and effect it is causing and going to cause in the future, the more drastic its consequences are going to be. 

The main objective of sustainable development is bring stability to our social, economic and environmental requirements, it will further lead to welfare and availability of resources for the coming generations. The picture below illustrates global goals of sustainable development.

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The concept of sustainable development has been criticized from all angles, while some see it as paradoxid or an oxymoron and regard development as inherently unsustainable, whilst others are disappointed by the progress so far. The drastic effects of unsustainable development can already be seen. 


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Six interdependent capacities are deemed to be necessary for the successful pursuit of sustainable development. These are the capacities to measure progress towards sustainable development.

  1. promote equity within and between generations adapt to shocks and surprises.

  2. transform the system onto more sustainable development pathways.

  3. link knowledge with action for sustainability.

  1. devise governance arrangements that allow people to work together in the exercising of the other capacities.

Improving on environmental aspects

 Human impact on the environment and Ecological system:

Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest. Deforestation and increased roadbuilding in the Amazon rainforest are a concern because of increased human encroachment upon wilderness areas, increased resource extraction and further threats to biodiversity.

Environmental sustainability concerns the natural environment and how it endures and remains diverse and productive. Since natural resources are derived from the environment, the state of air, water, and the climate is of particular concern. Environmental sustainability requires society to design activities to meet human needs while preserving the life support systems of the planet. 

An unsustainable situation occurs when natural capital the total of nature's resources is used up faster than it can be replenished. Sustainability requires that human activity only uses nature's resources at a rate at which they can be replenished naturally. The concept of sustainable development is intertwined with the concept of carrying capacity. Moreover, in the long run the result of environmental degradation is the inability to sustain human life.

Important operational principles of sustainable development were published by Herman Daly in 1990 renewable resources should provide a sustainable yield for non-renewable resources there should be equivalent development of renewable substitutes, waste generation should not overlap the assimilative capacity of the environment.


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The environment was earlier treated as a source of law by various industries and business. But restarting a balance between development and conservation of surroundings can help in the reduction of global climatic changes like ozone depletion, water crises, population, species loss and deforestation. Environment laws have been created by the countries which are now being implemented across the globe with the help of government and volunteers. NGOs e.g. Vairamani Organization ply an important role in reduction of numbers.

Importance of Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is working towards development while keeping in mind the importance of being responsible for the environment we live in. The basic idea of sustainable development is to work for today while keeping in mind the needs of tomorrow. importance of sustainable development :

Focusses on Sustainable Agricultural Methods 

Sustainable development is important because it takes care of the needs of future generations and makes sure that the increasing population does not put a burden on Mother Earth. It promotes agricultural techniques such as crop rotation and effective seeding techniques.

Manages Stabilizing the Climate 

We are facing the problem of climate change due to excessive use of fossil fuels and killing the natural habitat of animals. Sustainable development plays a major role in preventing climate change by development practices that are sustainable. It promotes reducing the use of fossil fuels which release greenhouse gases that destroy the atmosphere.

Provides Important Human Needs 

Sustainable development promotes the idea of saving for future generations and making sure that resources are allocated to everybody. It is based on the principle of developing an infrastructure that is can be sustained for a long period of time.

Sustain Biodiversity 

 If the process of sustainable development is followed, the home and habitat of all other living animals will not be depleted. As sustainable development focusses on preserving the ecosystem it automatically helps in sustaining and preserving biodiversity.

Financial Stability 

 As sustainable development promises steady development the economies of countries can become stronger by using renewable sources of energy as compared to using fossil fuels, of which there is only a particular amount on our planet.

The 4 pillars:


Wind Energy 

Wind energy is an easily available resource. It is also a free resource. It is a renewable source of energy and the energy which can be produced by harnessing the power of wind will be beneficial for everyone. Wind mills can produce energy which can be used to our benefit. It can be a helpful source of reducing the cost of grid power and is a fine example of sustainable development.


Solar Energy

 Solar energy is also a source of energy which is readily available and there is no limit to it. Solar energy is being used to replace and do many things which were first being done by using non-renewable sources of energy. Solar water heaters are a good example. It is cost-effective and sustainable at the same time.

Crop Rotation 

To increase the potential of growth of gardening land, crop rotation is an ideal and sustainable way. It is rid of any chemicals and reduces the chances of disease in the soil. This form of sustainable development is beneficial to both commercial farmers and home gardeners.

Efficient Water Fixtures

  The installation of hand and head showers in our toilets which are efficient and do not waste or leak water is a method of conserving water. Water is essential for us and conserving every drop is important. Spending lesser time under the shower is also a way of sustainable development and conserving water.

Sustainable Forestry 

This is an amazing way of sustainable development where the timber trees that are cut by factories are replaced by another tree. A new tree is planted in place of the one which was cut down. This way, soil erosion is prevented and we have hope of having a better, greener future.


To sum it up, sustainable development is a phenomenon that implies meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations meeting their needs. Some of the sustainable development goals include ending poverty, ensuring sustainable agriculture, ensuring food security, fostering peace, and environmental conservation, among others. Achieving sustainable development in any economy is not easy, as it requires commitment and proper planning. However, it is important to note that sustainable development may not be achievable any time soon. Challenges that have threatened the achievement of sustainable development include poverty and inadequate funds to pull projects, natural occurrences, human activities, conflict of interest, and lack of efforts from local authorities, war and violence, social inequalities, and corruption. Equally, pollution tampers with the environment that is useful for the existence of organisms. Corruption is the most significant factor that has derailed sustainable development in most developing countries. There is an urgent need to address the challenges that are circumventing the achievement of sustainable development global.

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Tatenda Manyame



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