The effects of Plastic bags on environment and its control



The Effect Of Plastic Bags To Our Health And Environment.. - INFODEA


Every year, around 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. 500,000,000,000. Five hundred followed by nine zeros. That's a lot of bags. So many that over one million bags are being used every minute and they're damaging our environment. Big numbers can be daunting so let's put it another way. Every man, woman and child on our planet uses 83 plastic bags every year. That's one bag per person every four and half days. Of those 500 billion bags, 100 billion are consumed in the United States alone. 


Pollution:

Plastic bags are difficult and costly to recycle and most end up on landfill sites where they take around 300 years to photodegrade. They break down into tiny toxic particles that contaminate the soil and waterways and enter the food chain when animals accidentally ingest them. Our planet is becoming increasingly contaminated by our unnecessary use of plastic bags. For examples

Big black bin liners plastic carrier bags carrying advertising logos.

Plastic Pollution in India: Causes, Consequences, Challenges & Solutions -  IAS EXPRESS In other words The major impact of plastic bags on the environment is that it takes many years to for them to decompose. In addition, toxic substances are released into the soil when plastic bags perish under sunlight and, if plastic bags are burned, they release a toxic substance into the air causing ambient air pollution. 


Dangers to Sea Life:

 And while the statistics are incomplete, some conservationists estimate that at least 100,000 mammals and birds die from them each year, felled by the estimated 500 billion and more plastic bags that are produced and consumed around the world; the numbers of fish killed by them are unknown, but they are sure to number in the millions

Animals and sea creatures are hurt and killed every day by discarded plastic bags - a dead turtle with a plastic bag hanging from its mouth isn't a pleasant sight but mistaking plastic bags for food is commonplace amongst marine animals. Plastic clogs their intestines and leads to slow starvation. Others become entangled in plastic bags and drown

     Because plastic bags take hundreds of years to break down, every year our seas become 'home' to more and more bags that find their way there through our sewers and waterways. Every bag that's washed down a drain during rainfall ends up in the sea - every bag that's flushed down a toilet (many small bags are), ends up in the sea - every bag that's blown into a river will most likely end up in the sea..

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REAL IMPACT:

Waste from plastic bags poses serious environmental danger to human and animal health. If plastic bags are not properly disposed of, they can impact the environment by causing littering and stormwater drain blockages.


Plastics are now omnipresent in the marine environment and this worsening trend needs urgent action. Plastics have been identified as a problem in the marine environment since the 1970s, but the issue of plastic pollution in marine and freshwater environments has only recently been identified as a global problem

Animals may also get tangled and drown in plastic bags. Animals often confuse the bags for food and consume them, therefore blocking their digestive processes. Animals becoming entanglement in marine debris, including plastic bags, may cause starvation, choking, laceration, infection, reduced reproductive success, and mortality. A Plague of Plastics


Plastics are now omnipresent in the marine environment and this worsening trend needs urgent action. Plastics have been identified as a problem in the marine environment since the 1970s, but the issue of plastic pollution in marine and freshwater environments has only recently been identified as a global problem.


 •Compounds leaching from plastic bags has been found to be responsible for increasing levels of reported toxicity


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There were instances where large endangered tortoises were found to have suffocated because of the mistaken swallowing of plastic bags combined with seaweed (Thiel et al, 2003).




The Plastic Problem Threatening Sea Turtles & What We Need to Do to Save  Them. | elephant journal

Look at this turtle, when he was born, a framed design plastic trapped his shell into it , FIFTEEN YEARS later when animal rescue team found him, their eyes were portraited after looking his condition, he was in such a pain  for 15 years that no one could even imagine …….his body structure deformated, ”NO WILL TO LIVE “ but he survived. 💔

Problems caused by plastic bags are usually 

• lacerations

• Infections

• Reduced ability to swim and

• internal injuries


Almost all plastics are made from chemicals that come from the production of planet-warming fuels (gas, oil and even coal).

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CONTROL:

The public should be informed not to use plastic bags, but to use eco-friendly alternative bags made from fabric, natural fibres and paper to reduce the problems associated with plastic bag wastes.

Regulation against the indiscriminate use and recycling of waste from plastic bags is strongly recommended, as well as restriction of the free sale of plastic bags by retailers.

we should educate people about harmfulness of plastics on our environment and make them aware .





                                                            NAME : KAUSHIK PRAJAPATI


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